FOA & President
Jim Hayes Recognized For Contributions To FTTx
FOA President Jim Hayes and
the FOA have been recognized for their efforts to promote FTTx,
particularly in the multi-dwelling unit (MDU) market by Broadband
Properties magazine. The importance of our work promoting FTTx
education and recruitment through our certifications, online
programs and FTTx Summits was recognized by BBP. Read
Minicipal WiFi Not Fulfilling
Promises (or Hype)
Many cities have been considering
(or are already implementing) municipal WiFi networks. A recent
independent survey of municipalities by the International Economic
Development Council, which
you can download and read for yourself, is much less optimistic
about the benefits of municipal WiFi and underscores the lack
of understanding among municipal implementers regarding the technical
and support issues. One of the major conclusions is that wired
networks have a much greater impact on attracting, retaining
and improving businesses in the area. But an even more important
conclusion is municipalities "definitely don't understand
the amount of support services, training, etc. needed for the
technology to produce meaningful impact."
That last statement could also
be relevant for those municipalities considering creating their
own FTTx programs. Our work with Verizon indicates that they
have learned that installing fiber optics is only a small part
of the whole program. Their recruitment focuses more on technical
expertise in installing and providing services at the home and
CO and providing technical support to the users.
Our conclusion from reading this
report is that municipal networks need both wireless and landline
connections, with the landline being the primary conduit for
businesses and homes (especially if they want video-capable bandwidth)
and wireless provided for the convenience of mobile users and
Installing Fiber Optics? Have
You Seen These?
We get lots of calls here at
the FOA looking for advice. Many are from people unfamiliar with
fiber optics who are planning an installation, having an installation
done or testing and troubleshooting problems. To answer these
questions, we have created a standard on installation, NECA/FOA-301
and three Tech
Bulletins for users and installers. These, plus all the information
in our "Tech
Topics" section, will answer many of your questions.
It's where most of our callers are sent for detailed explanations
they can print and distribute to interested parties.
8 Lessons Learned From FTTH
Systems (from Lightwave)
Now more than 1,000 communities
with over 1,000,000 subscribers have FTTH installed. Over 6,000,000
homes have been passed and more subscribers will sign up as new
services are offered. What have we learned, not only technically
but in terms of markets and subscriber wants and needs? Lightwave
has an interesting article online that talks about bundling services,
branding, and the effects of the housing market downturn. Read More.
More Verizon FTTx News
FTTx Paying Off For Verizon
"The fiber-optic broadband
service, FiOS, added 203,000 subscribers in the quarter for a
total of 1.1 million. Of those, 515,000 were also signed
up to get TV through the fiber, a tenfold increase from a year
For the first time, Verizon signed up more subscribers to get
broadband Internet service through FiOS than through the copper
lines for DSL, or digital subscriber line. It added just 85,000
DSL subscribers, down from 239,000 in the first quarter. ''Frankly,
we weren't as focused as we used to be on DSL for the quarter,''
Strigl said. ''We have taken a lot of the technicians and the
service reps that used to work DSL and tried to quickly get them
up to speed on FiOS.'' Strigl said the company aims to get DSL
customer recruitment numbers back up.
The FOA has created a special
section of our website with a FTTx
links page with lots of links to news, market reports, technical
articles and vendor technical and product information. Here
is a great place to start learning more about FTTx.
Nanotech Continues Developing
Components Useful For Optical Communications
Researchers at IBM in Yorktown
Heights, MY have developed a new type of nanowire LED that is
both more efficient and emits in the infrared region needed for
fiber optic communications. The wire is only 0.1 micron in diameter
and 10 microns long; the length about the diameter of the core
of singlemode fiber. The devices show some laser characteristics
and one unique feature, they emit more light as temperature rises,
not less as with semiconductor LEDs. The devices are small enough
to incorporate in chips to allow speeding up on-chip signals,
a big problem today with electrical signals getting too fast
for semiconductors. Read
The old story (not a joke!) about
the most likely fiber optic communications system failure being
caused by "backhoe fade" reminds us that digging safely
is vitally important. The risk is not just interrupting communications,
but the life-threatening risk of digging up high voltage or gas
There is a website called "Common Ground Alliance"
that focuses directly on this issue. Here is how they describe
Damage Prevention is a
The Common Ground Alliance
(CGA) is a member-driven association dedicated to ensuring public
safety, environmental protection, and the integrity of services
by promoting effective damage prevention practices.
In recent years, the association has established itself as the
leading organization in an effort to reduce damages to all underground
facilities in North America through shared responsibility
among all stakeholders.
Of special interest is their
Practices" Manual, available for downloading. If you
do OSP installs, please get yourself a copy and read it.
Air-Blown Fiber Finally Recognized
In International Standard
Air-blown fiber has been around
for a long time, but has not been widely used in place of conventional
cables, in part perhaps, because it was seen as a proprietary,
non-stnadard, solution to installing fiber. The International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has published the first blown
fiber standard, IEC 60794-5. One obstacle for blown fiber use
has been the lack of a recognized standard for components, installation
and testing. With publication of this standard, it may become
more acceptable to end users wary of proprietary solutions. Read
More. Here is an explanation on it's use from Emtelle.
Home Tech - Needed To Take
Advantage of FTTH
Once a home has a broadband connection,
which we hope is fiber to the home, but could be DSL or Cable
Modem, the usage of all that bandwidth depends on distribution
within the home. The in-home connections can be UTP or Coax copper,
wireless or fiber. But architects and home builders must learn
how to build homes to take advantage of broadband connections.
The FOA, in conjunction with the Structured Cabling Association,
have started working with home builders to bring them up to speed.
You can see the first tutorial we have jointly developed at the SCA website.
There are tons of technical
application notes and videos on the web, and occasionally we
recommend some you should download. The JDSU fiber testing guide
is really worthwhile, as are the ADC FTTx book and Westover video
on fiber inspection and cleaning, linked below.
JDSU Testing Book
JDSU offers a free download of their
Testing Guide from the Lightwave website. This is one great book
which explains some basic fiber technology, but the real value
is the last half which deals with OTDR testing. Not only does
it give the usual info, but it covers important topics like measurement
uncertainties and anomolies like ghosts and gainers.
I was in the testing business
for 20+ years at Fotec and think this book is one of the best
fiber optic testing texts available. It's complete but comprehenisble!
I used to believe that premises techs did not need OTDR training,
but now OTDR manufacturers are pushing their use in premises
networks. Unfortunately, the limitations of OTDRs in premises
applications can cause extreme problems for those who are not
aware of their limitations. So knowing hows OTDRs work is essential
information to every tech.
Now In Spanish: FOA Textbook
& Text For FOA Advanced Certifications
The FOA's textbook, The
Fiber Optic Technicians Manual, is used by our approved
schools around the world to teach fiber optics. Book Details:
Manual Del Technico De Fibra Optica, Published by Thomson
Delmar Learning, ISBN 1-4180-6121-2
If you are getting started
in fiber optics and Spanish is your native language, you can
download an introduction to fiber optics in Spanish here.
Are there really 5 different
ways to test optical fiber cabling after installation? Why so
many? How do the measurements - and more importantly the measurement
results - differ? What are the advanteages and disadvantages
of each method?
How do you design and manufacture
fiber optic systems? Choose and install one to serve your communications
needs? Troubleshoot problems? The FOA Fiber Optic Technical Bulletins
will provide step-by-step guidelines to help you. All are
PDF files you can download, print and use.
Like Good Technical Videos?
Job Title: Sales Engineer
Technical degree in EE, Physics or equivalent with a minimum
of 3+ years technical sales experience in the photonics industry.
The successful candidate will be responsible for
managing the process of selling StockerYale Specialty Optical
Fiber into strategic accounts. Responsibilities include identifying
and winning new opportunities and increasing business within
the existing account base. Developing accurate sales forecasts,
meeting revenue objectives and working closely with the product
management team will be essential.
If anyone is interested in this position please contact:
Our client is a leading public global equipment supplier that
offers high-quality, value-added solutions of network equipment,
software and systems integration services to telecommunications,
cable television, broadcast, wireless, and enterprise networks.
Their products enable the delivery of high-speed Internet, data,
video and voice services to consumers and industry. Their products
perform critical functions that ensure the quality and reliability
of broadband networks throughout the globe.
Our client is a multi product company commanding significant
market share with a strong balance sheet to invest in products
About The Position:
Common Agenda has been entrusted to conduct a search for an exceptional
Senior Quality Engineer. The Senior Quality Engineer will provide
product testing assistance to the Global Connectivity Solutions
organization. This person will develop, implement and continually
improve product evaluation methods. In addition, this person
will assure new product designs and processes, or re-designed
products and processes meet or exceed customer and company quality
expectations. This individual will ensure that product design
documentation complies with internal and external customer requirements.
The Senior Quality Engineer will also lead quality improvement
efforts by forming and facilitating improvement teams.
Responsibilities will include the following:
- Utilize expertise in product testing to provide solutions to
testing needs. If necessary purchase equipment, write software,
design fixturing, and develop new test methods to meet needs.
- Develop, maintain and improve general lab data acquisition,
data analysis, and test method capabilities.
- Participate in product development team efforts.
- Lead quality improvement efforts by identifying opportunities,
and then forming and facilitating improvement teams.
- Apply advanced methods to improve quality and reliability data
analysis where appropriate.
- Pursue self-development through advanced training in fiber
optics, quality, reliability, measurement, inspection, manufacturing,
and other specific product and industry technologies relevant
to the job.
- Perform basic budgeting, scheduling and personnel tasks as
requested by the manager.
- Bachelor degree in engineering.
- Broad technical knowledge within applicable areas of expertise
including product applications and basic market knowledge.
- Minimum of 10 years of engineering experience.
- Experience with fiber optics and fiber optic test equipment.
- Familiarity with standards such as Telcordia GR-326 for fiber
optic connectors, GR-1209 for passive optical components, GR-20
and 409 for optical fiber and cable, and EIA/TIA fiber optic
- Programming experience with Visual Basic and LabView.
- Local, out-of-state, and international travel may be required
Please refer to Job Number: 2639
Contact: Diane L. McGrath
(732) 223-7114 Ext. 109
617 Union Avenue · PO Box 711 · Brielle, NJ 08730
· Ph. (732) 223-7114 · Fax: (732) 223-7116
Fiber Contractors / Installers,
Looking for a strong outside plant contracting
company, especially in the fiber optic cables installation (Long
Distance and Fiber to Home), to team with our company for a large
projects in Saudi Arabia .
Fiber Optics And Photonics
Technicians, Woburn, MA
Agiltron, a fast growing optical components
and sensors company, has a dozen
positions to be filled in the coming months, due to new design
business organic expansion.
The expertise sought after:
1. Optical MEMS design and processing
2. Electronics and control firmware
3. Imaging processing
4. Optical engineering
6. Microwave photonics
7. RF electronics
Please send resume to <email@example.com>
ADC Looking For CO Techs
DC Power Installers and Equipment
Installer Level III Candidates. We are looking for individuals
who have proven success working in a Central Office environment.
Candidates should have the ability to lead others and to travel
We are currently looking for
a Central Office Equipment Installer, level III for Newark,
N.J and surrounding areas.
Equipment Installers are responsible
for the installation of equipment used in voice, video, fiber
optics and data telecommunications networks. Level III Installers
also, analyze, plan, layout and assign installation activity
to other installation personnel. Act as subject matter expert
on provisioning, activating and testing ADC and OEM electronic
We are currently looking for DC Power Equipment Installers,
Level IV to cover installation projects in the Northeastern part
of the country. DC Power Equipment Installers are responsible
for the installation of equipment such as batteries, rectifiers,
PBD's, BDFB's and associated infrastructure used in telecommunications
networks. Analyze, plan, layout and assign installation activity
to other installation personnel. Act as subject matter expert
on provisioning, activating and testing 24 and 48 volt DC electronic
equipment. Candidates should have experience programming DGU(s),
LMS(s), Milleniums, Galaxy(s)s, etc.
Candidates are invited to post
their resumes on our web site, www.adc.com.
Once there, Candidates can view open jobs and apply to them by
clicking on the "careers" link.
Sr. Staffing Specialist
1-800-833-8843 x 6317
Fiber Network Field Technician (Outside Field Technician)
Openings in the following areas:
CA, TX, WA, OR, VA, MA, NJ, RI
Take your career to new heights
at a company that's a leader in global communications: Verizon.
We offer an unparalleled opportunity to advance your career while
contributing in an enthusiastic, team-oriented environment.
Primary duties include, but
are not limited to:
Install, remove, rearrange,
program, test, troubleshoot and maintain fiber network services.
Install and configure routers, set top boxes. May assist
with installation of PC software as needed and ensure proper
configuration of the customer's PC. Interact with the Fiber
Solution Center as needed. May install appropriate inside
Install, maintain and repair outside and inside fiber equipment/facilities
including inside wiring and fiber jumpers at the distribution
Interface with customer to negotiate the placement of equipment;
may assist with account registration, e-mail, and web access,
and training the customer on how to use the new equipment. Ensure
customer satisfaction. Respond to inquiries and provide
follow-up, as necessary.
Interpret schematic work order drawings to determine job specifications
and installation needs. Order and/or obtain required equipment.
Effect problem solving where appropriate.
Utilize various test equipment to analyze equipment trouble and
take appropriate maintenance action.
Requires high level of customer
contact to ensure customer satisfaction.
Climbing poles and ladders; lifting 75-100 pounds on a regular
basis; pushing, reaching, bending and stooping; manual dexterity;
good sense of balance; and good color vision.
Must have a current/valid California Drivers License and a clean
Qualified candidates must pass all company required tests, a
pre-employment drug screen and a background check. In addition,
candidates will be required to successfully pass a legally required
DOJ Criminal Records Check/screening process (fingerprinting).
Candidates must be able to work any shift given, including days,
weekends, holidays and overtime as required.
Hourly rate for this position
is $12.87-28.55. Wage credit may be granted for related
work experience and/or college degree.
Benefits include medical, dental, life insurance, 401(k) with
Company match and paid vacation
Thank you for showing an
interest in Verizon!
Verizon is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer supporting
workforce diversity. m/f/d/v. Principals only!
Cable Splicing Technicians-Multiple
API Systems has been in business
since 1992 and has fostered long lasting relationships amongst
various Fortune clients, cutting edge technology companies and
government clients. At this time, we have openings for Cable
Splicing Technicians for a 6 month project in multiple locations.
If interested, please review below and contact me for more information.
Makes and completes splices
in various types of communication cables;
Makes rearrangements in existing splices of such cables
Cuts in cable terminals
Makes cable terminations
Tests, locates and corrects faults in such splices and cables
Places cable and terminals when required
Prepares records and reports as required
Does other preventive and corrective cable maintenance work,
Training provided if necessary
All locations in Texas
Kansas (Topeka, Wichita)
Oklahoma (Tulsa, Oklahoma City)
Missouri (St. Louis, Raytown, Springfield, Joplin)
Arkansas (Little Rock, Hope, Warren, Hot Springs, Pine Bluff,
Duration: 6 months
Steve Colavito API Systems, Inc.
| Ph: 973 328 3328 x 246 | Cell: 732 996 4305 | Fax: 973
328 3371 |
| 3117 Route 10 East Denville NJ 07834 | www.apisystemsinc.com
About API Systems, Inc.:
Founded in 1992, API Systems is an IT Services Company offering
our expertise to various well known, quality-driven clients nationwide.
With global capabilities, API is devoted to promoting increased
profitability and productivity through the efficient use
of IT. Award Winning Solution Provider
Audio Video and Content Delivery
Application Development and Maintenance
Staffing and Project Services
Technical Personnel Available
-Experienced In Manufacturing Fiber Optic Components and Systems
Northrop Grumman decided to
close its Fibersense Technology facility in Canton, MA . The
facility employs 160 people, producing Fiber Optics Gyroscopes.
Fiber optic gyro is made of state of the art PM fibers, phase
modulators, splitters, light sources (fiber and diode sources),
with advanced packaging and electronics implementation. The hardware
and production line are being transferred to the west coast plants.
This phase-out started already, and the tentative closure is
Expert resources are available and looking for alternative
employment in Massachusetts:
Fiber optics sensor assembly technicians
Photonic R &D technician
All categories of engineers
If you have an interest in any of the above, please send me e
mail and I will ask the relevant people to contact you.
R & D Manager
Northrop Grumman - Navigation System Division
Also Check Recent Job Openings
In Previous Issues of The FOA Newsletter
How many different ways are
there to set a "0 dB" reference for insertion loss
testing? For the answer, see
Reading these will help you
understand what each FOA certification covers and how to prepare
New Professional Society
for Structured Cabling Recognizes Importance of Fiber Optics
The new Structured Cabling Association,
is a professional society aimed at installers of "structured
cabling" or premises cabling. Structured cabling has been
focused on so-called "Cat 5" or UTP cabling for years,
while network speeds have left UTP behind. Now most backbones
for LANs are fiber optics and every network seems to have wireless.
The SCA, founded in part by FOA activists Tom Collins and Jim
Hayes, intends to make structured cabling training and certification
more relevant to today's world.
FOA Logo Merchandise
FOA has arranged with EmbroidMe
to provide FOA logo merchandies. Identify yourself as a FOA-certified
tech or instructor. The lab coats are super impressive for either
cabling techs and instructors. Check
out the selection.
FOA CFOT Renewals Get Free
Copy of NECA/FOA Installation Standard
Every CFOT renewal will now
receive a free copy of NECA 301-2004,
Installing And Testing Fiber Optic Cables, produced by
The FOA in cooperation with NECA (The National Electrical Contractors
Association). This is an important reference document for defining
the installation and testing of fiber optic cable plants in a
"neat and workmanlike manner."
The FOA feels this is such an
important document that we are giving a free copy (normally priced
at $15) to every active CFOT when they renew their active status.
The FOA has also sent free copies
to all FOA-Approved schools. The new FOA CFOT exam to be used
after August, 2005, will include questions from the standard.
Schools should be including information from the standard in
their classes already.
FOA Certification Top Choice
The FOA CFOT and CFOS programs continue to gain momentum in fiber
optics. Over 20,000 CFOTs have been certified by over 160 schools
as the FOA enters its 12th year. Since our founding in July,
1995, we have dedicated ourselves to promoting fiber optics and
professionalism in fiber optics personnel, focusing on education
and certification. We are continuing to add new schools and more
CFOTs as users of fiber optics learn that a CFOT is the indication
of a professional, well-trained fiber optic technician. Now with
FTTH (fiber to the home) finally taking off, demand for CFOTs
is rising and schools are responding by expanding programs rapidly.
The FOA now has approved programs
at 160+ organizations, welcoming new additions like the Joint
Apprenticeship and Training Committee of the International Brotherhood
of Electrical Workers, Corning
Cable Systems and AFL
for their installation training programs and NASA's Goldstone
Tracking Station. The complete list of FOA-Approved schools is
Your Name, CFOT - It pays
The FOA encourages CFOTs to use
the logo on their business cards, letterhead, truck or van, etc.
and provides logo
files on this site for that purpose. But we are also asked
about how to use the CFOT or CFOS certifications. Easy, you can
refer to yourself as "Your Name, CFOT" or "Your
Name, CFOS/T" for example.
Feel free to use the logo and
designations to promote your achievements and professionalism!
There are three ways
to set a "0 dB" reference for insertion loss testing
in order to accomodate the different connectors on cables, patchcords
and test equipment. For example, if all connectors are SCs, a
single cable reference (OFSTP-14, Method B) works. If you are
testing a plug and jack connector like a MT-RJ or FiberJack,
you probably will have to use a 3 cable reference (OFSTP-14,
Method C). Test sets with different connectors from the cable
plant, say LCs in the cable plant, can use a 2 cable refrerence.
(OFSTP-14, Method A). All three methods are generally acceptable
as long as the method is documented, as the results differ. See
this for more